1 Definition

A mode or condition of being; a condition or state of being : a manifestation, form, or manner of arrangement

Notes: A state implies a business action that completed successfully (e.g., an order has been shipped). All business rules applicable to the state must be satisfied at the business milestone for the state and generally for so long as the state exists. Among MWUD examples for state are: the unsanitary state of the building, the married state. Note the use of an adjective ("unsanitary") in the former example, and a past participle ("married") in the latter example. In natural language, adjectives and participles are the principle means of communicating the states of things. Expressing states is this fashion is a semantic alternative to tokens. Past participles (e.g., married, shipped, etc.) are almost always used to designate states in our approach since their use implies (a) that some business action completed successfully, and (b) that all relevant business rules have been satisfied from that point on. A state can also represent an on-going business action - e.g., an order is shipping. Note use of a present participle, rather than a past participle, to indicate the business action as on-going, not completed. On-going states of this kind are occasionally needed to constrain concurrent activity (e.g., no smoking while filling a gas tank), but by and large do not play a major role in business operation systems.